Brand Extentions

 Brand Extentions Essay

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ANZMAC 2009

Vertical Brand Extensibility: A Conceptual Framework Nicolas Pontes, Monash University, nicolas. [email protected] monash. edu. au Colin Jevons, Monash University, colin. [email protected] monash. edu. au

Abstract Company extension had been discussed largely during the past two decades, however , almost all of the work provides focused side to side extensions and little focus has been payed to straight brand file format. To satisfy this disproportion of existing knowledge, in this article, we recommend a conceptual framework that integrates existing brand extendable knowledge with insights in the pricing literary works. The conceptual framework shows that core-brand assessments are affected by the step size. Moderating elements that influence this marriage are also determined, namely in shape perception and direction of the extension. The framework can be subsequently utilized to develop cement research selections to guide even more research inside the area. Keywords: vertical range extensions, suit perception, stage size, primary brand analysis, price-limit theory.

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Vertical Brand Extensibility: A Conceptual Structure Introduction It is suggested that brand exts spend fewer in advertising and marketing and promotion when compared to fresh brands. Bringing out a new manufacturer in the market could be risk because of high failure rates and high costs of recent products introductions (Aaker, 1991, Pitta and Katsanis, 1995, Reddy, Holak and Bhat, 1994). Manufacturer managers have got frequently used brand extensions to focus on new marketplaces and segments reducing promoting expenditures, while increasing price tag shelf share (Kadiyali, Vilcassim and Chintagunta, 1998). This kind of practice is so often used that most of new merchandise introductions are produced through file format of existing brands (Kirmani, Sood and Bridges, 1999, Musante, 2007, Pitta and Katsanis, 95, Reddy, Holak and Bhat, 1994). As Aaker (1991) stated, you will discover two types of brand name extension: range extension and category extension. Category extension cables stretch the rand name to a fresh category or perhaps product school (Reddy, Holak and Bhat, 1994). It can when a new product under the same brand name is introduced in a new category, such as Fiat DVD players and Volvo digital cameras. Line extensions would be the use of the core-brand brand in the fresh offering inside the same merchandise class as the mother or father brand, and they can be categorized in both horizontal or perhaps vertical. Lateral line expansion is the introduction of a cool product in the same category, in to the same price/quality point because the mother or father brand but for a different part, such as Softdrink and Diet plan Coke (Pitta and Katsanis, 1995). This sort of extension can be related to taste, colour or perhaps smell different versions (Draganska and Jain, 2005, Nijssen, 1999). Vertical series extension is definitely the introduction of any new product underneath the same brand name at another type of point of price and quality, including Intel Pentium and Intel Celeron or Giorgio Armani and Armani Exchange (Kim and Lavack, 1996). Although, in practice, series extensions are the cause of most of cool product introductions, most research in the brand extension materials is found on category extension cables (Aaker, 1991, Kirmani, Sood and Links, 1999). Just few (Kim and Lavack, 1996, Betty, Lavack and Smith, 2001, Kirmani, Sood and Links, 1999, Lei, de Ruyter and Wetzels, 2008, Randall, Ulrich and Reibstein, 1998) have made the effort to better fully grasp this marketing phenomenon. Therefore , this project will certainly focus on straight line plug-ins aiming to bring about fulfil this imbalance of existing knowledge. The aims of this exploration are mentioned as follows: 1st, by building a compiled literary works review all of us present the key argument of previous books regarding company extension and price-limits theory. Secondly, the conceptual construction is provided by featuring the main elements affecting the core-brand critiques following action introduction. After this, a set of analysis propositions can be...

References: Aaker, D. A., 1991. Managing brand fairness: capitalizing on the cost of a brand name, Free Press, New York. Aaker, D. A., Keller, K. L., 1990. Consumer Evaluations of Brand Exts. Journal of promoting 54 (1), 27-41. Fruit, L. M., Parasuraman, A., 1991. Marketing services: competing through quality, Maxwell Macmillan Canada Toronto. Chu-Mei, M., 2002. The effects of promotional actions on company decision inside the cellular telephone industry. Diary of Product & Company Management 11 (1), forty two. Dacin, L. A., Jones, D. C., 1994. The result of Brand Stock portfolio Characteristics upon Consumer Assessments of Brand Extension cables. Journal of Marketing Research 23 (2), 229-242. Draganska, Meters., Jain, Deb. C., 2005. Consumer Personal preferences and Product-Line Pricing Tactics: An Empirical Analysis. Promoting Science twenty-five (2), 164-174. Gabor, A., Granger, C. W. M., 1966. Price as a great Indicator of Quality: Statement on an Query, question, inquiry, interrogation. Economica thirty-three (129), 43-70. Granberg, D., Steele, M., 1974. Procedural Considerations in Measuring Latitudes of Approval, Rejection, and non-commitment. Social Forces 52 (4), 538-542. Grime, I actually., Diamantopoulos, A., Smith, G., 2002. Consumer evaluations of extensions and the effects on the core brand: Key issues and study propositions. Western european Journal of promoting 36 (11/12), 1415-1438. Grönroos, C., 2007. Service managing and promoting: customer administration in service competition, John Wiley & Kids, Chichester, England; Hoboken, NJ. Kadiyali, Sixth is v., Vilcassim, N., Chintagunta, L., 1998. Product line extensions and competitive marketplace interactions: A great empirical research. Journal of Econometrics fifth 89 (1/2), 339-363. Keller, K. L., Aaker, D. A., 1992. The Effects of Sequential Introduction of Brand Extensions. Journal of promoting Research (JMR) 29 (1), 35-60. Ellie, C. K., Lavack, A. M., mil novecentos e noventa e seis. Vertical company extensions: current research and managerial effects. Journal of Product & Brand Administration 5 (6), 24-37. Betty, C. E., Lavack, A. M., Johnson, M., 2001. Consumer analysis of top to bottom brand extensions and key brands. Diary of Business Research 52 (3), 211-222. Kirmani, A., Sood, H., Bridges, S i9000., 1999. The Ownership Effect in Consumer Responses to Brand Series Stretches. Log of Marketing 63 (1), 88-101. Kosenko, L., Krishnan, Ur., 1990. Client price restrictions and the manufacturer effect. Record of Business and Psychology 5 (2), 153.

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Kuang-Jung, C., Chu-Mei, L., 2005. Positive Company Extension Trial and Choice of Parent Company. Journal of Product & Brand Administration 13 (1), 25. Lei, J., de Ruyter, T., Wetzels, Meters., 2008. Buyer Responses to Vertical Assistance Line Extensions. Journal of Retailing 84 (3), 268-280. Mishra, S i9000., Umesh, U. N., Originate, J. L. D. Elizabeth., 1993. Antecedents of the Appeal Effect: An Information-Processing Strategy. Journal of promoting Research (JMR) 30 (3), 331-349. Monroe, K. N., 1971a. The data Content of Prices: A Preliminary Version for Estimating Buyer Response. Management Science 17 (8), B-519-B-532. Monroe, K. N., 1971b. Calculating Price Thresholds by Psychophysics and Latitudes of Acknowledgement. Journal of Marketing Research (JMR) 8 (4), 460-464. Monroe, K. B., 1973. Potential buyers ' Subjective Perceptions of Price. Log of Marketing Analysis (JMR) 15 (1), 70-80. Musante, M. D., 3 years ago. Brand stock portfolio influences about vertical brand extension critiques. Innovative Promoting 3 (4), 59-65. Nijssen, E. L., 1999. Achievement factors of line extensions of fast-moving consumer items. European Log of Marketing thirty-three (5/6), 450-469. Pitta, Deb. A., Katsanis, L. G., 1995. Understanding brand value for good brand extendable. Journal of Consumer Promoting 12 (4), 51. Randall, T., Ulrich, K., Reibstein, D., 1998. Brand Fairness and Vertical Product Line Level. Marketing Science 17 (4), 356-379. Reddy, S. K., Holak, H. L., Bhat, S., 1994. To Extend or perhaps Not to Prolong: Success Determinants of Range Extensions. Log of Marketing Research (JMR) 31 (2), 241-262. Sherif, C. W., 1963. Social Categorization as a Function of Latitude of Acceptance and Series Range. Diary of Abnormal and Cultural Psychology 67 (2), 148-156. Sung Youl, J., MacInnis, D. T., Park, C. W., 2005. Formation of Price Requirement in Company Extensions and Impact on Brand Extension Analysis. Advances in Consumer Exploration 32 (1), 137-142.


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